• Chanda (Sanskrit, Pali; Tibetan: 'dun pa) is translated as 'intention', 'interest', or 'desire to act'. It is defined as trying to possess a certain object-an interest or desire that supports the application of exertion. Chanda is identified within the Buddhist Abhidharma teachings as follows:
  • Tanha is a Pali word, related to the Vedic Sanskrit word tanha and tarsa, which means 'thirst, desire, wish'. It is an important concept in Buddhism, referring to 'thirst, desire, longing, greed', either physical or mental. It is typically translated as craving, and is of three types: kama-tanha (craving for sensual pleasures), bhava-tanha (craving for existence), and vibhava-tanha (craving for non-existence). Tanha appears in the Four Noble Truths, wherein tanha is the cause of dukkha (suffering, pain, unsatisfactoriness) and the cycle of repeated birth, becoming and death (Samsara).
  • Dana is a Sanskrit and Pali word that connotes the virtue of generosity, charity or giving of alms in Indian philosophies. It has also been spelled as Daana.
  • Mental Factors (Sanskrit: caitasika; Pali: cetasika; Tibetan Wylie: sems byung), in Buddhism, are identified within the teachings of the Abhidharma (Buddhist psychology). They are defined as aspects of the mind that apprehend the quality of an object, and that have the ability to color the mind. Within the Abhidharma, the mental factors are categorized as formations (Sanskrit: sankhara) concurrent with mind (Sanskrit: citta). Alternate translations for mental factors include 'mental states', 'mental events', and 'concomitants of consciousness'.
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